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In May 1941 Rudolf Hess, the 3rd most powerful man in Nazi Germany and a close friend of Hitler, climbed into a Messerschmidt Bf 110 fighter and flew solo to Scotland, with the avowed intent of single-highhandedly brokering a peace deal with Britain. Hitler was reportedly furious and felt betrayed, and issued an order for Hess to be shot on sight if he returned to Germany. Why did Hess fly to Scotland? And was Hitler really totally in the dark?